What is Nexium?
Nexium is a Proton Pump Inhibitor type of drug that works by reducing the acid produced in the stomach. Nexium is widely used to treat peptic ulcer, GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease, Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, dyspepsia, indigestion, and other diseases of the intestines as well as the oesophagus.
How does Nexium work?
Nexium is a potent PPI medicine or Proton Pump Inhibitor class of medication used in preventing acid production in the walls of the stomach. PPIs like Nexium help prevent acid secretion inside the stomach. They impact the parietal cells inside the walls of the stomach. These parietal cells help release hydrochloric acid which is useful in the absorption of certain vitamins and minerals such as vitamin B12.
Nexium offers relief for a wide array of stomach related ailments. It works by blocking the proton pump in the stomach and inhibit the production of acid within the stomach. It prevents the production of harmful acids and offers relief for gastrointestinal reflux and related diseases.
What are the benefits of Nexium?
Nexium is utilized in the treatment of certain stomach and oesophagus problems like ulcers, hyperacidity, indigestion, and more. As it works to help decrease the levels of acid in the stomach walls, it offers immediate relief to conditions such as persistent coughing, swallowing difficulties, and even heartburns. It helps the stomach environment to recuperate from the acid damage incurred within the oesophagus and stomach, preventing certain ulcers, and even cancer in the oesophagus.
How do I use Nexium?
Use Nexium as prescribed by your prescriber. Check on the product information leaflet to know more on the proper use and administration of the medicine.
Nexium is often administered for a period of four to eight weeks maximum. The physician may recommend a second wave of treatment if you need more treatment with Nexium.
Take Nexium tablet with a full glass of water of about 8 ounces. Take the tablet at least one hour before any full meal.
Never crush, break, or chew on the capsule if you are using the Nexium delayed-release capsule type. To make swallowing easy, you can split open the capsule and put the contents in a spoon with applesauce. Swallow it immediately with a glass full of water.
Nexium comes as a capsule or in the delayed release form. The rapid release capsule can cause the medicine to be easily broken down by the acid in the stomach walls. The treatment can last for a period ranging from 4 to 8 weeks maximum.
Nexium is a prescription only medication. You may purchase the lowest strength available in pharmacies. The lowest dose is 10mg tablet. Other strengths available are 20 and 40 milligrams.
For stomach infection or duodenal ulcer of patients aged 18 years and older, take 20 milligrams Nexium once a day for 4 weeks.
For duodenal ulcer caused by Helicobacter pylori infection of patients aged 18 years and older, take 20 milligrams twice a day for 10 days.
For gastric ulcer of patients aged 18 years and older, take 40 milligrams once a day for 4-8 weeks of treatment.
For GERD or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in patients aged 18 years and older, take 20 milligrams Nexium once a day for 4 weeks.
This medication has not been used among children below 2 years old and so it cannot be used on pediatric patients on this age range.
It is vital that you follow the doctor’s advice on how to take the medicine, and carefully read the product information leaflet for more information about Nexium.
Side effects and precautions
Inform your physician right away if you experience any of the following side effects for taking Nexium:
- Watery diarrhoea
- Bloody stool
- Severe stomach pains
- Seizures or convulsions
- Kidney problems
- Blood in urine
- Frequent urination
- Rapid weight gain
- Heart palpitations
- Irregular heart rate
- Muscle pain
- Joint pain
- Worsening Lupus symptoms (Skin rash, redness, etc.)
Taking Nexium for an extended period of time can cause the development of Fundic Gland Polyps in the stomach. Consult with your doctor about this possible health risk.
If you are using Nexium for over 3 years, you can have Vitamin B12 deficiency problem. Ask your doctor how you can manage this health condition as it develops.
The most common side effects of Nexium are:
- Mild diarrhoea
- Stomach pain
- Dryness of mouth
These side effects are not exclusive. Some patients can experience other adverse effects from taking Nexium. Consult with your physician for further medical advice when faced with other side effects.
Nexium can result to some kidney issues. Check with your doctor if you are urinating frequently, lesser than usual, or if ever you find blood in your urine.
The medication can trigger or cause lupus symptoms among patients. Inform your doctor if you experience joint and muscle pains, or where you find skin rashes in your arms or cheeks that can worsen when exposed to direct sunlight.
Furthermore, you can incur a broken bone when on Nexium for an extended period of time. Ask your doctor on how to avoid these health risks while under the treatment.